Professor of Oceanography
Jerome M. Paros Endowed Chair in Sensor Networks
University of Washington
School of Oceanography
- 1977 Ph.D. Geological Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona
- 1967 M.S. Geological Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia
- 1964 B.A. Geology, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania
- 2006-present Jerome M. Paros Endowed Chair in Sensor Networks
- 1988-present Professor, School of Oceanography, University of Washington
- 1983-1988 Associate Professor, School of Oceanography, University of Washington
- 1982-1983 Research Associate Professor, School of Oceanography, U of Washington
- 1977-1982 Research Assistant Professor, School of Oceanography, U of Washington
- 1977-1980 Visiting Scientist, Lunar and Planetary Institute and Johnson Space Center
- 1968-1977 Mineral Exploration Geologist & Graduate Student, Tucson, Arizona
- 1965-1967 Mineral Exploration Geologist, North American Exploration, Inc., Charlottesville,VA
- 2013 Chief Scientist, VISIONS '13, R/V Thompson – ROV ROPOS
- 2011 Co-Chief Scientist, VISIONS '11, R/V Thompson – ROV ROPOS
- 2010 Co-Chief Scientist, Enlighten '10, R/V Thompson, AUV Sentry, ROV Jason
- 2008 Chief Scientist, InSite '08, R/V Thompson, AUV Sentry
- 2005 Co-Chief Scientist, VISIONS '05, R/V Thompson, ROV Jason 2
- 1980-2004 30 cruises as Chief Scientist, including 14 using DSV Alvin, 8 using ROV Jason and 3 using the Canadian ROV ROPOS (Including REVEL cruises and the sulfide recovery Edifice Rex cruise.)
Awards and Honors
- 2012 American Geophysical Union’s Athelstan Spilhaus Award
- 2006 to present Jerome M. Paros Endowed Chair in Sensor Networks
- 1995 Fellow, American Geophysical Union
- 1991-1992 Distinguished Research Award, University of Washington
- 1979-1980 Teaching Award, University of Washington
- 2007 to present, Director and Principal Investigator, Ocean Observatories Initiative Regional Scale Nodes
- 2005 – 2009, Member Health and Security Panel, under the Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, National Research Council. (Rita Colwell and Mark Wilson, Chairs)
- 2004-2006 Member, Executive Steering Committee for NSF Ocean Observatories Initiative,
- 2003-2008 Member, NASA Science Definition Team for the Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter Mission
- 2000 Testimony before the House Science Subcommittee on Basic Research and the House Science Subcommittee on Energy and the Environment, (July 27, 2000)
- 1998-2004 Charter Member, Committee Dynamic Earth and Ocean Systems (DEOS), designed ocean observatories program for NSF
- 1999-2007 Director, NEPTUNE Program, Director
- 1998-2000 NASA Committee to plan the Europa Orbiter Mission
- 1992-1994 NAE Committee on Undersea Vehicles and National Needs
- 1990-1994 Founder and First Chair, InterRidge, an international oganization of >20 nations focused ridge crest research
- 1988-1992 RIDGE Steering Committee, First Chair.
- 1987 Convenor, NAS Workshop on The Mid Oceanic Ridge: a dynamic global system, Convenor
- 1985 NATO Advanced Research Institute on marine resource assessment.
- 1984-1987 NSF Oceanography panel, Marine geology and geophysics.
- 1985 Workshop on long-term ocean bottom observatories, Convenor.
- 1983-1986 JOI U.S. Science advisory committee for the Ocean Drilling Program
- 1983-1984 Chairman, JOI U.S. Shipboard science sub-committee
- 1983-1987 JOIDES Lithosphere panel.
- 1982 Co-Convenor, Workshop on long-term ocean bottom observatories
Graduate Students Advised and Postdoctoral Scholars Hosted
Students: V. Baht, A. Daly, B. Holmen, J. Karsten, D. Kelley, D. Naidoo, J. Palmer, C.
Parker, M. Rovetta, M.K. Tivey, S. Veirs, K.F. Shaw, B. Kristall, D. Glickson
Postdocs: P. Nehlig
Selected Published Papers and Abstracts
Kelley, D.S., J.R. Delaney, and S.K. Juniper, 2014, Establishing a new era of submarine volcanic observatories: cabling Axial Seamount and the Endeavour Segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge, Marine Geology 50th Anniversary Special Volume, http://dx.doi.org/10.10166/j.margeo.2014.03.010, Invited (25 pp)
Delaney, J.R. and D.S. Kelley, 2014, Understanding the planetary life support system: Next generation science in the ocean basins. In: A New Vision of the Earth from the Abyss, eds., P. Favali, A. de Santis, and L. Beranzoli, Springer Praxis, in press.
Kristall, B., D. Nielsen, M.D. Hannington, D.S. Kelley, and J.R. Delaney, 2011 Chemical microenvironments within sulfide structures from the Mothra Hydrothermal Field: Evidence from high-resolution zoning of trace elements. Chemical Geology, 290, 12-30.
Delaney, J.R., and R. Barga, 2009, A 2020 Vision for Ocean Science, in: The Fourth Paradigm:Data-Intensive Scientific Discovery, edited by Tony Hey, Stewart Tansley, Kristin Tolle, Microsoft Research.
Glickson, D.A., D.S. Kelley, J.R. Delaney, 2007, Geology and hydrothermal evolution of the Mothra Hydrothermal Field, Endeavour Segment, Juan de Fuca Ridge. Geochem. Geophys.Geosys, 8(6), doi:10.1029/2007GC001588.
Delaney, J.R., and A.D. Chave, 2006, NEPTUNE: Implementation of an ocean sciences paradigm shift, Proc. SSC06, Dublin, Ireland, Paper SSC-024, 6 pp.
Chave, A.D., M. Arrott, L. Smarr, J.A. Orcutt, E. Lazowska, J.R. Delaney, and M. Abbott, 2006, LOOKING: Cyberinfrastructure for ocean observatories, Proc. SSC06, Dublin, Ireland, Paper SSC-029, 6 pp.
Kristall, B., D.S. Kelley, M.D. Hannington, and J.R. Delaney, 2006, Growth history of a diffusely venting sulfide structure from the Juan de Fuca Ridge: A petrological and geochemical study. Geochem. Geophys. Geosys. V7 (7) doi:10.1029/2005GC001166.
Chave, A.D., B. St. Arnaud, M. Abbott, J.R. Delaney, R. Johnson, E. Lazowska, A.R. Maffei, J.A. Orcutt, and L. Smarr, 2004, A management concept for ocean observatories based on web services, Proc. Oceans’04/Techno-Ocean’04, Kobe, Japan, 9-12 Nov 2004, 7 pp. E-6
Schrenk M.O., D.S. Kelley, J.R. Delaney, J.A Baross 2003, Incidence and diversity of microorganisms within the walls of an active deep-sea sulfide chimney. Appl. Enviro. Micro.,69, 3580-3592.
Delaney, J., C. Barnes, P. Beauchamp, A. Chave, J. Madden, and M. McNutt, 2003, Project NEPTUNE: An interactive, regional cabled ocean observatory in the northeast Pacific, Proc. IEEE Oceans 2003, San Diego, CA, 22-26 Sep 2003, 1231-1235.
Kelley, D.S., J.A. Baross, J.R. Delaney, 2002, Volcanoes, Fluids, and Life at Mid-Ocean Ridge Spreading Centers. Ann. Rev. Earth. Planet. Sci., 30, 385-491.
Karson, J.A., M.A. Tivey, and J.R. Delaney, 2002, Internal structure of uppermost oceanic crust along the western Blanco transform scarp; implications for subaxial accretion and deformation at the Juan de Fuca Ridge. J. Geophys. Res., 107, 9-17.
Kelley, D.S., J.R. Delaney, and D.A. Yoerger, 2001, Geology and venting characteristics of the Mothra Hydrothermal Field, Endeavour Segment, Juan de Fuca Ridge, Geology, 29, 959-962.
Delaney, J.R., D.S. Kelley, E. A. Mathez, D.R. Yoerger, J. Baross, M. Schrenk, M.K. Tivey, J.Kaye, V. Robigou, 2001 Edifice Rex Sulfide Recovery Project: Analysis of a Sulfide-Microbial Habitat from a Submarine Hydrothermal System, EOS, Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, 82, 67-73
Thomson, R.E. and J.R. Delaney, 2001, Evidence for a weakly stratified Europan ocean sustained by seafloor heat flux, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 12,355-12365, 2001.
Yoerger, D.R., D.S. Kelley, and J.R. Delaney, 2000, Fine-Scale Three Dimensional Mapping of a Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vent Site using the Jason ROV System, J. International Robotics, 19, 1000-1014.
Delaney, J.R., and A.D. Chave, 2000, NEPTUNE: A fiber-optic telescope to inner space, Oceanus, 42, 10-11.
Delaney, J.R., G.R. Heath, A.D. Chave, B.M. Howe, and H. Kirkham, 2000, NEPTUNE: Realtime ocean and earth sciences at the scale of a tectonic plate, Oceanography, 13, 71-83.
Veirs, S.R., R.E. McDuff, M.D. Lilley and J.R. Delaney, 1999, Locating hydrothermal vents by detecting buoyant, advected plumes. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 12, 29,239-29,247.
Delaney, J.R., D.S. Kelley, M.D. Lilley, D.A. Butterfield, J.A. Baross, R.W. Embley and M. Summit, 1998, The quantum event of oceanic crustal accretion: Impacts of diking at midocean ridges, Science, 281, 222-230.
Delaney, J.R., 1998, Floor Show: Forged in volcanoes, nursed on sulfur, the first organisms may have evolved at the bottom of the sea-here and on other celestial bodies, The Sciences, July-August 1998, 27-33.
Delaney, J.R., 1998, Life on the seafloor and elsewhere in the solar system. Oceanus, 41 (2), 10-13.
Dengliang, G., S.D. Hurst, J.A. Karson, J.R Delaney, 1998. Computer-aided interpretation of side-looking sonar images from the eastern intersection of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge with the Kane Transform. J. Geophys. Res., 103, 9, 20,997-21,014.
Delaney, J.R., D.S. Kelley, M.D. Lilley, D.A.Butterfield, R.E. McDuff, W.S. Wilcock, 1997, The Endeavour Hydrothermal System I: Cellular circulation above an active cracking front yields large sulfide structures, “fresh” vent water, and hyperthermophilic archae, RIDGE Events, 11-19.
Sarrazin, J., V. Robigou, K. Juniper and J.R. Delaney, 1997, Biological and geological dynamics over four years on a high temperature sulfide structure at the Juan de Fuca Ridge hydrothermal observatory, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 153, 5-24.
Wilcock, W.S. and J.R. Delaney, 1996, Mid-ocean ridge sulfide deposits: evidence for heat extraction from magma chambers or cracking fronts? Earth Planet. Sci. Let., 145, 49-64.
Robigou, V., J. R. Delaney and D. Stakes, 1993, The High-Rise hydrothermal vent field, Endeavour Segment, Juan de Fuca Ridge, Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 1887-1890.
Blank, J. G., J. R. Delaney and D.J. Des Marais, 1993, The concentration and isotopic composition of carbon in basaltic glasses from the Juan de Fuca Ridge, Pacific Ocean. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 57, 875-887.
Lupton, J.E., D.W. Graham, J.R. Delaney, and H.P. Johnson, 1993, Helium isotope variations in Juan de Fuca Ridge basalts. J. Geophys. Res., 20, 1851-1854.
Delaney, J.R., V. Robigou, R. E. McDuff and M. K. Tivey, 1992, Geology of a vigorous hydrothermal system on the Endeavour Segment, Juan de Fuca Ridge, Jour. Geophys. Res., v.97, p.19,663-19,682
Schultz, A., J. R. Delaney and R. E. McDuff, 1992, On the partitioning of heat flux between diffuse and point source seafloor venting, Jour. Geophys. Res., 97, 12,299-12,314.
Thomson, R.E., J. R. Delaney, R. E. McDuff, D. R. Janecky and J. S. McClain, 1992, Physical characteristics of the Endeavour Ridge hydrothermal plume during July 1988, J. Geophys. Res., 111, 141-154.
Woods, A.W. and J.R. Delaney, 1992, The heat and fluid transfer associated with the flanges on hydrothermal venting structures, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 112, 117-129.
Goldstein, S.J., M.T. Murrell, D.R. Janecky, J.R. Delaney, and D.A. Clague, 1991, Geochronology and petrogenesis of MORB from the Juan de Fuca and Gorda ridges by 238U-230Th disequilibrium. Earth. Planet. Sci. Lett., 107, 25-41.
Karsten, J.L., J.R. Delaney, M.J. Rhodes, and R.A. Liias, 1990, Spatial and temporal evolution of magmatic systems beneath the Endeavour Segment, Juan de Fuca Ridge; tectonic and petrologic constraints. J. Geophys. Res., 95, 19,235-19,256.
Karsten, J. L. and J. R. Delaney, 1989, Hot spot-ridge crest convergence in the Northeast Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 700-712.
Goldfarb, M.S and J.R. Delaney, 1988, Influence of transport properties and phase relationships or seawater on fluid flow in submarine hydrothermal systems, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 4585-4594.
Dixon, J.E., E. Stolper and J.R. Delaney, 1988. Infrared spectroscopic measurements of CO2 and H2O in Juan de Fuca Ridge basaltic glasses. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 90, 87-104.
Delaney, J.R., D.W. Mogk, and M.J. Mottl, 1987, Quartz-cemented breccias from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge: Samples of a high-salinity hydrothermal upflow zone. J. Geophys. Res.92:9175—92.
Delaney, J. R., F. N. Spiess, S. C. Solomon, R. Hessler, J. L. Karsten, J. A. Baross, R. T. Holcomb, D. Norton, R. E. McDuff, F. L. Sayles, J. Whitehead, D. Abbott and L. Olson, 1987, Scientific rationale for establishing long-term ocean bottom observatory/laboratory systems, in Marine Minerals Resource Assessment Strategies (eds. P.G. Teleki, M.R. Dobson, J.R.Moor and U. von Stackelberg), 389-411.
Kelley, D. S. and J. R. Delaney, 1987, Two-phase separation and fracturing in mid-ocean ridge gabbros at temperatures greater than 700°C, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 83, 53-66.
Rovetta., M.R., J.D. Blacic, and J.R. Delaney, 1987, Microfracture and crack healing in experimentally deformed peridotite. J. Geophys., Res., 92, 12,902-12,910.
Tivey, M. K. and J. R. Delaney, 1986, Growth of large sulfide structures on the Endeavour Segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge, Earth Planet. Sci. Let., 77, 303-317.
Rovetta., M.R., J.R. Delaney, and J.D. Blacic, 1986, A record of high-temperature embrittlement of peridotite in CO2 permeated xenoliths from basalt. J. Geophys., Res., 91, 3841-3848.
Lupton, J.E., J.R. Delaney, H.P. Johnson, and M.K., Tivey, 1985, Entrainment and vertical transport of deep-ocean water by buoyant hydrothermal plumes. Nature, 316, 621-623.
Tivey, M.K. and J.R. Delaney, 1985, Sulfide deposits from the Endeavor segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge, Marine Mining, 5, 165-179.
Lapham, K.E., J.R. Holloway, and J.R. Delaney, 1984, Diffusion of H2O and D2O in obsidian at elevated temperatures and pressures, J. of Non-Crystalline Solids, 67, 179-191.
Eaby, J., D.A. Clague, J.R. Delaney, 1984, Sr isotopic variations along the Juan de Fuca Ridge, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 7883-7890.
Johnson, H.P., J.L. Karsten, J.R. Delaney, E.E. Davis, R.G. Currie, R.L. Chase, 1983, A detailed study of the Cobb Offset of the Juan de Fuca Ridge—Evolution of a propagating rift, J. Geophys Res., 88, 2297-2315.
Normark, W.R., J.L. Morton, J.E. Lupton, J.R. Delaney, H.P. Johnson, R.A. Koski, D.A. Clague, J.L. Morton, 1983, Active hydrothermal vents and sulfide deposits on the southern Juan de Fuca Ridge, Geology, 11, 158-163.
Sinton, J.M., D.S. Wilson, D.M. Christie, R.N. Hey, J.R. Delaney, 1983, Petrologic consequences of rift propagation on oceanic spreading ridges, Earth Planet. Sci. Let.,62, 193-207.
Normark, W.R., J.W. Murray, J.E. Lupton, J.R. Delaney, H.P. Johnson, R.A. Koski, D.A. Clague, J.L. Morton, 1982, Polymetallic sulfide deposits and water-column of active hydrothermal vents on the southern Juan de Fuca Ridge, Mar. Tech. Soc. Journ., 16, 46-53.
Delaney, J.R., B.A. Cosens, 1982, Boiling and metal deposition in submarine hydrothermal systems, Mar. Tech. Soc. Journ., 16, 62-66.
Koski, R.A., W.R. Normark, J.L. Morton, J.R. Delaney, 1982, Metal sulfide deposits on the Juan de Fuca Ridge, Oceanus, 25, 42-48.
Mehegen, J.M., P.T. Robinson, J.R. Delaney, 1982, Secondary mineralization and hydrothermal alternation in the Reydarfjordur drill core, eastern Iceland, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 6511-6524.
Karsten, J.L., J.R. Holloway, J.R. Delaney, 1982, Ion microprobe studies of water in silicate melts—temperature-dependent water diffusion in obsidian, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 59, 420-428.
Mathez, E.A., J.R. Delaney, 1981, The nature and distribution of carbon in submarine basalts and periodotite nodules, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 56, 217-232.
Delaney, J.R., H.P. Johnson, J.L. Karsten, 1981, The Juan de Fuca Ridge hotspot propagating rift system—new tectonic, geochemical, and magnetic data, J. Geophys. Res., 86, 1747-1750.
Jones, C.J., H.P. Johnson, J.R. Delaney, 1981, Distribution of hydrothermal manganese over the Juan de Fuca Ridge, Geophys. Res. Ltrs., 8, 873-876.
Delaney, J.R., J.L. Karsten, 1981, Ion microprobe studies of water in silicate melts—concentration-dependent water diffusion in obsidian, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 52, 191-202.
Delaney, J.R., D.W. Muenow and M.O. Garcia ,1978. Abundance and distribution of water, carbon and sulfur in the glassy rims of submarine pillow basalts. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. 42, 581-94.
Recent Research Grants
Principal Investigator and Director, Funding Agency: National Science Foundation via the Consortium for Ocean Leadership. Title: Implementing Organization for the Regional Scale Nodes of the Ocean Observatories Initiative. Dates: 2009 – 2017. Amount: $217 million. This project involves the design, engineering, construction, and initial operations of a cabled ocean observatory on the Juan de Fuca tectonic plate in the Northeast Pacific Ocean. Outreach website: www.interactiveoceans.washington.edu
Principal Investigator and Director, Funding Agency: National Science Foundation via Consortium for Ocean Leadership. Title: University of Washington's Application to Become the Implementing Organization for the Regional Scale Nodes of the Ocean Observatories
Initiative. Dates: 2007 – 2009. Amount: $7 million. This project involved the planning, design, and engineering of a cabled ocean observatory on the Juan de Fuca tectonic plate in the Northeast Pacific Ocean. Outreach website: www.interactiveoceans.washington.edu.
Lead Principal Investigator, Funding Agency: NSF-OCE 0428483 Title: ITR: Collaborative Research: Designing the Next Generation Cyber-infrastructure to Operate Interactive Ocean Observatories Dates: 2004 – 2008 UW Amount $1.75 million. This project involved research and experimentation with cyberinfrastructure components to prototype new approaches to information technology for ocean observing systems. The goal is to develop and test ways of
managing data from ocean observatories as well as mechanisms for facilitating the operation of ocean observatories.
Lead Principal Investigator, Funding Agency: W.M. Keck Foundation Title: A Proto-type Experiment for NEPTUNE Phase II: Interactive Seafloor Studies of Episodic Deformation, Fluid Venting and Microbial Productivity at Plate Margins Dates: 2001 – 2006 UW Amount: $5 million. Five-year, four-field-season program supporting 3 graduate students, using robotic vehicles Tiburon, Jason 2 and Ropos, Chief Scientist or Co-Chief on all field programs. Establishment of first integrated, interdisciplinary mid-ocean ridge observatory with > 40 in
situ instruments/sensors in and on the seafloor. Web Site: http://www.interactiveoceans.washington.edu/story/Proto-NEPTUNE
Co-Principal Investigator, Funding Agency: NSF-OCE OCE0426109 Title: Collaborative Research: Determining the Limits to Life in Submarine Hydrothermal Systems: Active Sulfide Deposits as Natural Laboratories Dates: 2004 – 2007. UW Amount: $864,796. Total Grant: $1.2M 3-year grant, 2 field seasons using the ROV Jason, 2 graduate students supported, Co-Chief Scientist Outreach Web Site: www.visions05.washington.edu/
Principal Investigator, Funding Agency: NSF-OCE SGER Title: High-Bandwidth Ocean Telepresence: An iGrid Prototype: Dates: 2005 – 2006. Amount: $180,000 One-year grant for purchase of a Zeus high-definition underwater video camera from Insite Pacific for the UWTV/ ResearchChannel production associated with VISIONS05 Expedition; resulted in first HD video streamed live from the seafloor. Outreach Web Site: www.researchchannel.org/visions05/multimedia.asp
Co-Principal Investigator, Funding Agency: NSF OCE0221900 Title: Field Testing of a New Sensor to Monitor Environmental Conditions within the Walls of Active Sulfide Structures Dates: 2002 – 2007. Amount: $227,414 Co-Chief Scientist One field season with the remotely operated vehicle J2.
Co-Principal Investigator, Funding Agency: NSF-OCE 0228142 Title: REVEL 2002-2005 (Research and Education – Volcanoes, Exploration and Life) Dates: 2002 – 2006. UW Amount $335,297 This award provides funding for the "REVEL Project", an outreach and teacher professional
development program that builds on a pilot program initiated at the University of Washington (UW) in 1996.
Representative Prior Grants
Lead Principal Investigator, Funding Agency: National Oceanographic Partnership Program (NOPP) N00014-99-1-0129 Title: NEPTUNE Fiber-Optic Cabled Observatory Feasibility Study and NEPTUNE Office Dates: 11.01.98-06.30.05. Amount: $2,382,766 Grant provided funding for NEPTUNE Feasibility Study, published in June 2000 and for support of the NEPTUNE office, located at the University of Washington.
Lead Principal Investigator, Funding Agency: NSF OCE9820105 Title: Collaborative Research: In Situ Time Series Experiments Defining the Thermal and Compositional Variability in Tidally Perturbed Submarine Hydrothermal Systems Dates: 8.1.99-1.31.03 UW Amount: $972,145 This program explored the interactive physical-chemical processes at play in gradient driven submarine environments using pressure sensors, fluid samplers, and temperature probes in high-temperature hot springs. Involved Alvin and the robotic vehicle Jason.
Lead Principal Investigator, Funding Agency: American Museum of Natural History, New York. Title: Edifice Rex Sulfide Recovery Project Dates: 1997-1999 UW Amount: $3,000,000. Project to recover four 2-meter portions of intact black smokers to examine sulfide microbial habitats. Pieces of all four chimneys are on display in the Hall of the Planet Earth. Was the focus of NOVA and BBC Discovery specials (see www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/abyss/; www.amnh.org/nationalcenter/expeditions/blacksmoker/) Resulted in recovery of the highest temperature organism currently known on Earth.
Lead Principal Investigator, Funding Agency: NSF OCE9817065 Title: SGER: Temperature Arrays for Investigation of Active Sulfide Structures Dates: 11.15.98-10.31.99 Amount: $98,591 Grant provided funding for prototype camera system and in situ caged array of temperature probes to document conditions of chimney growth.
Lead Principal Investigator, Funding Agency: NSF-OCE 9633572 Title: Impact of Diking–Eruptive Events on the CoAxial System, Juan de Fuca Ridge Dates: 2.15.1997-1.31.2000 Amount: $199,310 Data work up for the first response by the ocean community to an underwater eruption off the Washington-Oregon Coast. Program involved Alvin dives, work published in Science in 1998.
Lead Principal Investigator, Funding Agency: NSF-OCE 9406965 Title: Are Upflow Zones Boundaries Between Adjacent Hydrothermal Systems? Geological and Geochemical Tests Dates: 8.1.1994-1.31.2000 UW Amount: $1,140493 A 30-dive ALVIN program on the Juan de Fuca
Ridge to examine gradients of temperature and salinity across the 380°C Main Endeavour field, to define the spacing for all active sites of high temperature discharge, and to establish which chemical characteristics of fluids are shared on a segment scale.