Lesson 3: Formation Of Underwater Volcanoes (2)

Lesson 3: Underwater Volcano Formation (2)
Materials and Engage


Materials: Frog Girl by Paul Owen Lewis, internet access, small paper cup, piece of cardboard, 3 or more colors of modeling clay (Play-doh or homemade clay works fine), baking soda, vinegar, paper towels, colored pencils or crayons that match the modeling clay colors, (2) pieces 8.5 “ x 11” graph paper, tape, scissors, 1-3 clear plastic drinking straws, paper towels, tray or large cardboard, tongs, red food dye, electric kettle (or way to heat water), clear bowl or tub, tape, pipe cleaners, construction paper, markers, reuse materials like cardboard from cereal boxes, paper towel or gift wrap tubes, single-use plastics, etc.

Safety: safety goggles, aprons, exercise extreme caution with hot water



Read aloud and discuss "Frog Girl" by Paul Owen Lewis.

Take students on a virtual field trip using the live feed camera from Axial Seamount – high definition video of the underwater hot spring "Mushroom" every 3 hrs from 300 miles offshore, and nearly a mile beneath the oceans surface.

  1. How does Indigenous knowledge help us to understand historical natural events, like volcanoes?
  2. What are the connections between the field trip, the book and science?
  3. How are underwater volcanoes, called seamounts, formed?


Live Streaming Video From Axial Seamount
Axial Seamount 2015, 417 ft-thick lava flow